Diabetes

  • Athina Healthcare
  • 13-Apr-2021

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus, or diabetes, is a metabolic disease caused by high levels of sugar. Insulin transports sugar from the bloodstream into the cells, where it is processed or used for nutrition. Your immune system perhaps doesn't produce sufficient insulin or can't be using the insulin it does make it efficient if you have diabetes disease.

Diabetes-related high blood sugar can injure your nervous system, eyes, kidneys, and other organ systems if left unchecked.


Diabetes is classified into several types:

Diabetes type 1 is an autoimmune disorder. In the pancreas, where insulin is produced, the immune function targets and kills cells. It is uncertain what is causing this attack. This form of diabetes affects about 10% of diabetics.

In type 2 diabetes when the immune system grows immune to insulin, sugar levels high in your bloodstream resulting. When your blood sugar level is greater than the average but not strong sufficient to have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you have pre-diabetes.

Higher blood sugar during pregnancy is known as gestational diabetes. This form of diabetes is caused by the placenta's production of insulin-blocking hormone levels.

A rare condition known as diabetes insipidus is not closely linked to diabetes mellitus, even though it has a similar name. It's a specific disorder in which the kidneys eliminate an excessive amount of liquid from your body.

The signs, causes, and medications for each form of diabetes are different. Find out how these identities vary from one another.


Symptoms of diabetes mellitus

Complications of diabetes are caused by an increase in blood sugar.

Specific signs 

The specific complications of diabetes are as follows:


  • An increase in hunger
  • An increase in thirst
  • Loss of weight
  • Frequent urine
  • Blurred vision
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Skin infections that are not healing


Early signs in case of Men

In fact, to the normal symptoms of the disease, men with diabetes may have reduced sex drive, erectile dysfunction (ED), and poor muscular endurance.


Early signs in case of Women 

Women with diabetes disease may also have complications such as urinary tract infections, yeast infections, and crumbly, skin irritation.


Reasons for diabetes

There are numerous symptoms of each type of diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes

Experts don't know accurately what causes type 1 diabetes. For no good reason, the immune structure incorrectly attacks and obliterates insulin-making beta cells in the pancreas.

Qualities may assume a part in certain individuals. It's likewise conceivable that infection sets off the insusceptible framework assault.


Type 2 diabetes 

Type 2 diabetes comes from a mix of genetic characteristics and lifestyle factors. Being overweight or corpulent expands your danger as well. Trying to convey extra weight, especially in your belly, serves to make your cells quite immune to the effects of insulin on your glucose.

This condition runs in families. Family members share characteristics that make them bound to get type 2 diabetes and to be overweight.


Gestational diabetes 

Gestational diabetes is the consequence of hormonal fluctuations in pregnant women. The placenta produces chemicals that make a pregnant lady's cells less touchy with the impacts of insulin. This can cause high glucose during pregnancy.

Ladies who are overweight when they get pregnant or who acquire an excess of weight during their pregnancy are bound to get gestational diabetes.


Treatment for your diabetes disease 

Your diabetes management and treatment system should be decided upon for both you and your healthcare professional. The objective of diabetic treatment is to maintain blood glucose levels as nearer to natural as appropriate on a rational basis. Training in the self-management of diabetes is an important part of the administration of diabetes. Treatment should be decided on an individualized level and should identify medical psychosocial and way of living concerns.


THERE ARE SO MANY PROBLEMS FACED BY ALL SUGAR PATIENTS BUT IF THEY WANT TO CONTROL HIS BLOOD SUGAR LEVEL THEN HE NEEDS TO FOLLOW A HEALTHY PATH FOR HIS BODY AND FOR PREVENTION THE DANGER CHANCES OF THIS DISEASE AUTOMATICALLY.

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