Thyroid Symptoms And Cure

  • Athina Healthcare
  • 12-Oct-2021

Thyroid hormones, generated by a tiny gland in your neck, have a significant effect on your body. It makes thyroid hormone (TH), which regulates your metabolism, heartbeat, temperature, mood, and other bodily functions. An underactive thyroid produces insufficient TH, which can result in a variety of health issues. Look for the warning signs in this read.

How Thyroid Hormone is secreted?

The Thyroid gland is the body's only organ that uses iodine, which it gets from food. Seafood, dairy, kelp, seaweed, and iodized salt are all rich in iodine. The iodinated sections of colloidal thyroglobulin undergo a chemical transformation that produces the two main thyroid hormones, T4 and T3, when iodine binds to it (the number refers to how many iodine molecules they contain). T4 and T3 are released into the bloodstream, where they circulate and work their magic on all of the organs.

What are the symptoms?

Both Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism are difficult to diagnose since the signs are similar to that of other illnesses. However, if you have more than two of the symptoms mentioned below, you should consult your doctor about getting your thyroid checked.

  • Hypothyroidism is characterized by dry skin and hair, forgetfulness, constipation, a tired feeling, muscle cramps, unexplained weight gain, heavier/irregular menstrual flow, facial swelling, and increased sensitivity to cold.
  • Irritability, elevated perspiration, racing pulse, trouble sleeping, frequent BMs, unexplained weight loss, lighter and less frequent cycles, bulging eyes, trembling hands are all symptoms of hyperthyroidism.

How is it diagnosed?

To find out if you have hypothyroidism, all you need is a simple blood test to check your thyroid hormone levels. Your doctor will examine your thyroid gland and see if it is larger than it should be or if your pulse is too high if you have hyperthyroidism. When you keep your fingers straight out in front of you, they'll check for tremors. They'll want to check your thyroid hormone levels with a blood test if they suspect you have it. They can also prescribe a thyroid scan to check how the thyroid is functioning using a small amount of radioactive tracer.

A device called a radioactive iodine uptake test (RAIU) can also be used to see if it's functioning properly. You'll take a small dose of radioactive iodine by mouth for this. A sensor will be used to determine how much iodine the thyroid consumes. When you pee, the tracer will leave your body.

How is it treated?

The aim of your healthcare provider is to get your thyroid hormone levels back to normal. This can be achieved in a number of ways, and the care you receive will be determined by the origin of your thyroid disease. If you have elevated levels of thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism), you will have the following treatment options:

  • Anti-thyroid medicines (methimazole and propylthioracil) prevent the Thyroid from producing hormones.
  • Radioactive iodine: This drug destroys the thyroid's cells, stopping it from producing enough thyroid hormones.
  • Beta blockers do not affect the amount of hormones in your body, so they can help you manage your symptoms.
  • Surgery: Your healthcare provider may remove your thyroid gland surgically, which is a more permanent treatment option (thyroidectomy). It can no longer produce hormones as a result of this. Thyroid replacement hormones, on the other hand, will be needed for the rest of your life.

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