There are mainly four types of hernias affecting the humans
Repair of a hernia in the groin (an inguinal hernia) is the most frequently performed operation in general surgery. The hernia is repaired (with suturing or placing a synthetic mesh over the hernia in one of the layers of the abdominal wall) using either open surgery or minimal access laparoscopy. The most common laparoscopic techniques for inguinal hernia repair are transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair and totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair. In TAPP the surgeon goes into the peritoneal cavity and places a mesh through a peritoneal incision over possible hernia sites. TEP is different as the peritoneal cavity is not entered and mesh is used to seal the hernia from outside the thin membrane covering the organs in the abdomen (the peritoneum).
This type of hernia occurs when a piece of your stomach tissue sticks out through your diaphragm into your chest cavity. A hiatal hernia is a common disorder amongst individuals aged 50 and above.
This type of hernia is the most common in newborns under 6 months old. An umbilical hernia occurs when a child’s intestine bulge through his/her weak abdominal wall.
Hernias also can be birth defects. A congenital diaphragmatic hernia occurs when your diaphragm doesn’t form right. This can create space for your stomach to move into your chest. Sometimes doctors find the defect when you are a baby.
Femoral hernias also happen when fatty tissue or part of your bowel pokes through into your groin at the top of your inner thigh.
They're much less common than inguinal hernias and tend to affect more women than men.
Like inguinal hernias, femoral hernias are also associated with ageing and repeated strain on the tummy.
An incisional hernia occurs rarely after you have undergone an abdominal surgery.
Where part of a muscle pokes through your tummy; they also occur in leg muscles as the result of a sports injury.
Where fatty tissue pokes through your tummy, between your belly button and the lower part of your breastbone
Where part of your bowel pokes through your tummy at the side of your abdominal muscle, below your belly button.