Some smaller cysts cause no symptoms. In these cases, you may not even know you have a cyst. Larger cysts may cause the following symptoms:
- Pelvic pain or a dull ache in your back.
- A feeling of fullness (bloating) in your lower belly.
- Pain during intercourse.
- Painful periods.
- Nausea and/or vomiting
Some prolonged symptoms may be associated with a condition called Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). This is a condition that causes irregular periods and other hormone-related problems, including obesity and infertility. Other symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome include hirsutism (increased growth of body hair) and difficulty losing weight.
In most cases, ovarian cysts do not show any signs of discomfort. But the symptoms can appear if the cyst starts to grow. The symptoms are the signs of ovarian torsion or ruptured cyst. Both these complications are required to be taken seriously as it can have severe consequences on your health if not treated early.
What causes Ovarian Cysts?
There are several factors that cause ovarian cysts and most of them are not cancerous.
It is an infection caused in the pelvic organs involving the fallopian tubes and the ovaries. This infection causes the formation of pus-filled cystic spaces around the ovaries and tubes.
Benign Cystic Teratomas:
Both malignant and benign tumors of the ovary may be cystic. The ovaries experience the abnormal tissue development forming cyst-like structures, but they are actually tumors.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS):
This condition results in the formation of small and multiple cysts on both ovaries. This condition is associated with hormonal problems and can cause infertility in women.
PCOS/PCOD Polycystic Ovarian Disease
Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD), also known as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a very common condition affecting 5% to 10% of women in the age group 12–45 years. It is a problem in which a woman’s hormones are out of balance. It can cause problems with menstrual periods and make it difficult for her to conceive. The principal features include no ovulation, irregular periods, acne, and hirsuitism. If not treated it can cause insulin-resistant diabetes, obesity, and high cholesterol leading to heart disease.
Women who have this condition can get pregnant with the right surgical or medical treatments. Pregnancies are usually normal.